The First Australian Hartleys ...

The 'Convicts' ... arrived New South Wales and Van Diemens Land. Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia.

 

After Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth made the first successful crossing of the Blue Mountains in May 1813, Cox's Road from Sydney to Bathurst was completed. This saw traffic passing through Hartley on its way to Bathurst, so small settlements began in these areas. Later because the descent from Mt York into Hartley Valley on Cox's Road was too steep and unsuitable for much traffic - Mitchell's, Mount Victoria Pass was opened in 1832. 120km west of Sydney on the Great Western Highway between Mount Victoria and Lithgow [Victoria Pass, through the Blue Mountains] is the settlement of 'Little Hartley' in Hartley Vale. In the 1860's the Hartley Kerosene Oil and Paraffine Company built houses for workers at the local shale mines, and a school. Later a church, an inn, general stores and post office were built. Much of the area is now occupied by Hartley Valley Holiday Farm and many of the original buildings [some built by convict-gangs] are still standing.

Some Early Australian Settlers:

John HARTLEY aged 48 [-21st January 1788] [ship: 'Alexander' Portsmouth] Trial: Oxford 1785, sentence:7 years. Crime: Stealing Poultry ... research shows John was b.1736 and died at sea 5th August 1787 aboard the 'Alexander' en-route for Australia, so he never actually became a 'settler'. His crime? With a companion, John stole a game cock and other fowl, and a live cock, 3 hens, a drake and 3 ducks at Haddingham as well as , on his own, one live cock at Thame [both in Oxfordshire].

Thomas HARTLEY [-20th August 1791] [ship: 'Atlantic' Plymouth] Trial: Flintshire 1789, sentence:7 years

Mary HARTLEY aged 22 [March 1792-17th September 1793: Dublin-] [ship: 'Sugar Cane' Cork] Trial: Dublin 1792, sentence:7 years

David HARTLEY [-10th November 1807][previously known as David Hartley HARKENETT] [ship: 'Duke of Portland' left Falmouth in January 1807, arrived 27 July 1807] Trial: Lancaster 1806, aged: 14 David Harkenett, one of 189 convicts transported. Convicted at Essex Assizes sentence:14 years. David was born abt.1783 in Loughton, Essex, England. He married Elizabeth GRONO at St Matthew Church, Windsor NSW Australia on 30 Aug 1811, lived at Pitt Town, Sydney and died 17 Nov 1863 at Cattai Creek, NSW Australia. David and Elizabeth had 12 children; Elizabeth [1812], Frances [1814], Margaret [1817], Jane [1819], John [1822], Ann [1823], James [1826], William E [1827], Thomas [1831], David [1833], Mary Ann [1835] and Maria [1837].

Charlotte HARTLEY [2 March-18 August 1809: England-Sydney NSW] [ship: 'Indispensable'] Trial: 6 October 1808 York West Riding Quarter Sessions - sentence:7 years

William HARTLEY 29 March 1820- to Sydney NSW [ship: 'Mangles'] Trial: 31 August 1819 Chester City Session of Pleas sentence: 14 years

James HARTLEY [22 December 1820-18 May 1821 England-Sydney NSW] [ship: 'Speke'] Trial: 23 August 1820 Lancaster Assizes - sentence:Life

John HARTLEY [1828] [ship: 'Albion] Trial: York 1826 sentence:7 years

William HARTLEY [22 August 1829- to Sydney NSW] [ship: 'Sarah'] Trial: Lancaster Quarter Session sentence: 7 years

James HARTLEY [14 October 1829-18 February 1830 Spithead-Sydney NSW] [ship: 'Katherine Stewart Forbes'] Trial: 21 March 1829 York Assizes, Highway Robbery, sentence: Life

William HARTLEY [29 April 1830- to Van Diemens Land] [ship: 'David Lyon'] Trial: York West Riding Quarter Session sentence: 7 years

William HARTLEY [19 November 1832- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'Surrey'] York Assizes Trial: 27th August 1832 York Assizes sentence: 14 years

William HARTLEY [21 September 1833- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'Southworth'] Trial: 2 March 1833 York Assizes sentence:

 

William HARTLEY aged 23 and Jonathan HARTLEY [24 April -14 September 1836: London to Hobart for Van Diemens Land] [ship: 'Lord Lyndoch' Hobart] Trial: William 1835 at Hertford sentence:7 years. Jonathan at Chatham Court Martial sentence: Life

hartleyfamilyorguk believes William HARTLEY was in fact William John Hatley PENNY from Essex, England. His mother was Charity PENNY nee WARREN [1791-1872] and his father was William PENNY. Charity was born at Margaretting Essex, lived at Ingatestone, Chelmsford and died at West Ham in 1872.
William J H PENNY was born 17 July 1814 and had three siblings, brothers named John PENNY b.1816 and Charles PENNY b.1818 and a sister, Charlotte b.1821. William's
middle name 'Hatley' came from a distant grandmother who was in fact named Ann HADLEY [1760-1841].

William was tried and sentenced [7 years] at Hertingfordbury, Hertfordshire in 1834/1835 for Theft. He was transported to Hobart in 1836. William was unmarried and died in Australia in 1842.
Charity was still trying to trace William in 1861; in 1868 a solicitor placed an ad on the front page of 'The Sydney Morning News' [see pic above], for information of William's whereabouts, and mentioned links to a WARREN family in Essex, Charity's family name.

John HARTLEY and Richard HARTLEY [30 August 1841-13 January 1842: Sheerness to Hobart] [ship: 'Barossa']

 

One of the following is thought to be my 5x GrGrandfather, William HARTLEY b.c.Blackburn 1794. A family story tells of his transportation to Australia c.1840 from Lancashire. Previously, he and his wife Betty had lived at Ancoats, Manchester. William is thought to have been involved in the Chartist movement and damage to mill machinery, see 'The Lancashire Weavers Riots' link. He left behind four sons in Manchester, including two youngsters aged just 10 [James] and 5 years of age [Harry]. Their elder brothers John and Richard cared for them but eventually both youngsters were sent by the authorities to a Work House. I'm uncertain as to what happened to their mother, Betty. James escaped from the Work House, married and had family in Manchester and eventually emigrated to the USA in the 1870's. In 1849, the youngest son Harry travelled with his family to Australia to look for his father, but returned to England, having found no trace of him. In the 1890's James returned to Manchester to look for his brother Harry, did not find him, so returned to the USA. Unknown to James, Harry had moved to Pendleton, Salford, just a few miles away. William Hartley

William HARTLEY [15 January 1842- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'Isabella' ] Trial: Preston, Lancaster General Sessions sentence: 14 years

William HARTLEY [30 June 1845- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'Equestrian'] Trial Preston, Lancaster General Sessions sentence: 10 years

William HARTLEY [6th September 1845- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'Pestonjee Bomanjee'] Trial: Preston, Lancaster General Sessions sentence: 7 years

Ellen HARTLEY [26 April 1848- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'Tory'] Trial: Preston, Lancaster Quarter Sessions 5 January 1848 sentence: 7 years

William HARTLEY [9 August 1850- to Van Diemans Land] [ship: 'William Jardine'] Trial: 16 August 1848 Lancaster Assizes at Liverpool sentence: 7 years

Thomas HARTLEY [1852: to Hobart] [ship: 'Aboukir']

Joseph HARTLEY [26 August-20 November 1858 Plymouth-Swan River Colony] [ship: 'Edwin Fox'] Trial: 1856 uttering a forged bank note, Central Criminal Court, sentence:15 years

Charles HARTLEY -20 September 1865 -Western Australia ship: 'Vimiera' Trial: Newington, Surrey General Quarter Sessions sentence: 10 years

William HARTLEY [16 October 1866-22 December 1866 Portland-Swan River Colony] ship: 'Corona'. Trial: 22 December 1863 Glasgow Court of Justiciary, Theft. sentence: 7 years.

alphabetical list:

Charles Hartley Charles Hartley, one of 280 convicts transported on the Vimiera, 20 September 1865 Surrey, Newington General Quarter Sessions 20th September, 1865 Western Australia

Charlotte Hartley Charlotte Hartley, one of 62 convicts transported on the Indispensible, February 1809 York, West Riding Quarter Sessions on 06 October 1808 February, 1809 NSW

Ellen Hartley Ellen Hartley, one of 170 convicts transported on the Tory, 26 April 1848 Lancaster, Preston Quarter Sessions 26th April, 1848 TAS George Hartley

George Hartley, one of 376 convicts transported on the Fairlie, 14 October 1833 Sussex Assizes 14th October, 1833 NSW

George Hartley George Hartley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Sarah, 22 August 1829 Lancaster Quarter Session 22nd August, 1829 NSW

Henry Hartley Henry Hartley, one of 160 convicts transported on the Juliana, 03 September 1820 Sussex Quarter Session 3rd September, 1820 TAS

James Hartley James Hartley, one of 230 convicts transported on the Isabella, April 1818 Lancaster Quarter Session April, 1818 NSW

James Hartley James Hartley, one of 269 convicts transported on the Layton, 26 August 1835 Lancaster Quarter Session 26th August, 1835 TAS

James Hartley James Hartley, one of 254 convicts transported on the Sir Robert Peel, 06 September 1844 Yorkshire, Bradford Quarter Sessions 6th September, 1844 TAS

James Hartley James Hartley, one of 156 convicts transported on the Speke, 13 December 1820 Lancaster Assizes 13th December, 1820 NSW

James Hartley James Hartley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Katherine Stewart Forbes, 07 October 1829 York Assizes 7th October, 1829 NSW

Jane Hartley Jane Hartley, one of 204 convicts transported on the Woodbridge, 20 August 1843 Lancaster, Preston Quarter Sessions 20th August, 1843 TAS

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 294 convicts transported on the Equestrian, 27 August 1852 Scotland, Glasgow Court of Justiciary 27th August, 1852 TAS

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 320 convicts transported on the John Barry, 07 September 1835 Durham Quarter Session 7th September, 1835 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 250 convicts transported on the Surrey, 16 March 1842 Lancaster, Preston General Sessions 16th March, 1842 TAS

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 160 convicts transported on the Earl St Vincent, 06 April 1820 Lancaster Assizes 6th April, 1820 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Indefatigable, October 1814 Salop Assizes October, 1814 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 350 convicts transported on the Barrosa, 27 August 1841 Worcestershire Quarter Sessions 27th August, 1841 TAS

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 160 convicts transported on the Juliana, 03 September 1820 Lancaster Quarter Session 3rd September, 1820 TAS

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 148 convicts transported on the Midas, 07 October 1826 York. West Riding Quarter Session 7th October, 1826 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 176 convicts transported on the Mary, 28 August 1821 Lancaster Quarter Sessions 28th August, 1821 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 173 convicts transported on the Morley, 19 September 1822 Chester Session of Pleas 19th September, 1822 TAS

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 192 convicts transported on the Albion, 29 May 1828 York City Quarter Session 29th May, 1828 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Planter, 13 June 1832 Lancaster Assizes 13th June, 1832 NSW

John Hartley John Hartley, one of 190 convicts transported on the Guildford, 22 March 1827 Lincoln Assizes 22nd March, 1827 NSW

Jonathan Hartley Jonathan Hartley, one of 330 convicts transported on the Lord Lyndoch, 15 April 1836 Chatham Court Martial 15th April, 1836 TAS

Joseph Hartley Joseph Hartley, one of 192 convicts transported on the William Miles, 15 March 1828 Westmoreland Assizes 15th March, 1828 TAS

Joseph Hartley Joseph Hartley, one of 280 convicts transported on the Edwin Fox, 24 August 1858 Central Criminal Court 24th August, 1858 Western Australia

Nathaniel Hartley Nathaniel Hartley, one of 150 convicts transported on the Caledonia, 05 July 1820 Hertford Assizes 5th July, 1820 TAS

Richard Hartley Richard Hartley, one of 320 convicts transported on the Marquis of Huntly, 23 March 1835 Middlesex Gaol Delivery 23rd March, 1835 NSW

Richard Hartley Richard Hartley, one of 350 convicts transported on the Barrosa, 27 August 1841 Yorkshire Assizes 27th August, 1841 TAS

Samuel Hartley Samuel Hartley, one of 192 convicts transported on the Circassian, 04 November 1832 York, Leeds Quarter Session 4th November, 1832 TAS

Stephen Hartley Stephen Hartley, one of 250 convicts transported on the Surrey, 16 March 1842 Lancaster, Salford General Sessions 16th March, 1842 TAS

Thomas Hartley Thomas Hartley, one of 300 convicts transported on the Susan, 07 March 1834 York, West Riding Quarter Session 7th March, 1834 NSW

Thomas Hartley Thomas Hartley, one of 276 convicts transported on the Asia, 25 April 1840 York Assizes 25th April, 1840 TAS

Thomas Hartley Thomas Hartley, one of 280 convicts transported on the Aboukir, 24 December 1851 Yorkshire, Sheffield Quarter Sessions 24th December, 1851 Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land]

Thomas Hartley Thomas Hartley, one of 254 convicts transported on the Sir Robert Peel, 06 September 1844 Lancaster, Preston Quarter Sessions 6th September, 1844 TAS

Thomas Hartley Thomas Hartley, one of 160 convicts transported on the Juliana, 03 September 1820 Cornwall Quarter Session 3rd September, 1820 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 190 convicts transported on the Southworth, 21 September 1833 York Assizes 21st September, 1833 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 300 convicts transported on the Equestrian, 30 June 1845 Lancaster, Preston General Sessions 30th June, 1845 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 299 convicts transported on the Pestonjee Bomanjee, 06 September 1845 Lancaster, Preston General Sessions 6th September, 1845 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 261 convicts transported on the William Jardine, 09 August 1850 Lancaster. Assizes at Liverpool 9th August, 1850 Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 330 convicts transported on the Lord Lyndoch, 15 April 1836 Herts. Quarter Session 15th April, 1836 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 267 convicts transported on the Isabella, 15 January 1842 Lancaster, Preston General Sessions 15th January, 1842 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Sarah, 22 August 1829 Lancaster Quarter Session 22nd August, 1829 NSW

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 306 convicts transported on the Corona, 13 October 1866 Scotland, Glasgow Circuit Court of Justiciary 13th October, 1866 Western Australia

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 220 convicts transported on the David Lyon, 29 April 1830 York (West Riding) Quarter Session 29th April, 1830 TAS

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 160 convicts transported on the Earl St Vincent, 06 April 1820 York Assizes 6th April, 1820 NSW

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 190 convicts transported on the Mangles, 29 March 1820 Chester City Session of Pleas 29th March, 1820 NSW

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Planter, 13 June 1832 Lancaster Assizes 13th June, 1832 NSW

William Hartley William Hartley, one of 214 convicts transported on the Surrey, 19 November 1832 York Assizes 19th November, 1832 T.


[with regard to extracts taken from the LDS website. This is posted on the LDS website:
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